Friday, December 7, 2007

The Golden Compass / **1/2 (2007)

“The Golden Compass” represents cinema fantasy at its most striking and fearsome, underlining the genius of the modern moviemaker as technology grows and continues to allow him or her to test boundaries of realism without surrendering to obvious visual deceit. If only the screenwriters shared those ambitions. No, it’s not as if we as adults are the wrong target audience for a movie in which the hero is a young girl; au contraire, the source material, penned by the talented Phillip Pullman, is both brilliant and frightening in the way it allows dread to creep up on its young stars, forcing them to adopt adult roles in a story way too dark for innocent children to play in. A fully satisfying screen endeavor would sneer at the opportunity to dumb down Pullman’s narrative maturity in order to create broader appeal, but that alas is not the central mission in this venture. Absent from the film is the deeply political subtext of its foundation, the glaring void filled by ambitious special effects and colorful canvases meant to distract audiences from the notion that they are watching a story with its roots firmly planted in something much more tragic than those involved might be willing to admit.

To be that resolute with such a story on screen, of course, would require greater leaps of faith than a major studio would be willing to provide. Pullman’s story is more or less appealing for its fantasy elements, but what separates it from a class of engaging and universally-appealing tales of swords and sorcery is and underlying presence of social challenge, a thrust that requires audiences to think about more than just talking animals or magical witches flying around in the sky. What happens to the children in “The Golden Compass” is not the stuff of the light and fluffy Disney cartoons; they are the victims of this story, whisked away from their homes to be subjects of a deeply horrifying experiment that forces their protectors to not only wage war against the involved parties, but to also do so in a merciless, unyielding manner. It is a violent, nihilistic, intense little book. But it’s also brilliantly captivating, expertly told, and utterly daring in the way it mirrors its plot situations to real life and then uses them to make powerful statements against religious fundamentalism, faith and government, and the failure of humanity to look out for our youth. It is the antithesis of C.S. Lewis’ “Chronicles of Narnia.”

He who walks into a movie theater with knowledge of the source material is no doubt the most excited party present at a showing like this. By the end, he will also be the most disappointed. What director Chris Weitz has done to the foundation of this tale is completely strip it of identity, nullifying any and all traces of a message in order to actively pursue a direction in which the biggest test for an audience member is to simply wonder how it is possible for anyone to master such a vulgar display of technical wizardry. Indeed, by virtually all accounts, the movie is a stunning piece of artistry, well photographed, incredibly detailed, and imaginative to a fault. Is there a story here? Absolutely. But not the one we expect or deserve and certainly not the kind that is going to make the product stand out amongst a growing slew of fantasy epics that continue to be made in the shadow of “The Lord of the Rings.”

The hero is Lyra Belacqua (Dakota Blue Richards), a headstrong and independent orphan girl, just shy of puberty, who is always looking for new adventures and challenges to keep her amused. In this particular universe, a voice-over reminds us, human souls live not inside a person’s body, but rather right beside them, in the form of a shape-shifting animal better known as a person’s daemon familiar. Lyra’s daemon Pantalaimon comes in many forms – first a cat, then a mouse, then a moth, always shifting but never settling as a child’s identity continues to explore the world, refusing to come to rest on one perception until absolute comfort is reached, usually during the middle teen years. The approach offers intriguing contrasts and studies into a person’s psyche, and there’s a great scene involving Lyra and Pan being pulled apart that represents just how crucial the companion is to the story. The daemon represents their soul, yes, but also their heart, their conscience, their entire free will. They are inseparable beings.

Lyra occupies a room in a tower of Jordan College, where she has been seemingly exiled to live out her young years, away from harm, by her stern and enigmatic uncle Lord Asriel (Daniel Craig). At the opening of the picture, he arrives at Jordan with evidence of a great phenomenon in the north, a series of slides that reveal, quite possibly, an alternate universe in the skies that may be reachable with further experiments. The idea greatly troubles the Magisterium, a group of authoritarian figures who are seemingly self-appointed keepers of the human race, who work long and hard hours in order to keep people “in balance” and away from alternate ways of thinking. Asriel’s discovery, of course, contradicts the teachings of their ways, and when he is granted further funding by the college board, they dispatch a cunning and secretive woman named Mrs. Coulter (Nicole Kidman) into the life of little Lyra, who sees her uncle’s discoveries as something to boast about and may be willing to share that stuff with someone she grows to trust.

Ah, but to assume that Miss Belacqua is easily persuaded would undermine the point of the story, which is that a child carries much weight on his or her shoulders when it comes to the balance of the world. Before being entranced, lured and charmed by Mrs. Coulter into leaving Jordan to become the beautiful woman’s assistant, the master of the college gives her a golden compass and tells her to never reveal it to anyone. Called an alethiometer, it is a large and complex piece of machinery that, we are told, “tells the truth.” On its face, three hands point to various symbols, meant to frame a question in the mind of the person who controls it. The fourth hand, which spins much like that of a regular compass, reveals the answer when the question has been concentrated on long enough. The technique, we find out later, is a difficult one to master and requires many years of textbook education to fully comprehend, but Lyra is significant in the sense that she is able to read, understand and interpret its messages instinctively. The Magisterium suspects such a gift might be dangerous in the hands of one who knows how to do it, and will stop at nothing to ensure that the aleithiometer is destroyed once it has been found.

There is a sense of wonder and excitement that engulfs the presentation of these conflicts. Visually, New Line Cinema has found a story that finally matches their “Lord of the Rings” trilogy in its stylistic stimulation, and the special effects wizards leave viewers near-breathless in their treatment of the story’s many distinguishing details, such as red zeppelins that transport the wealthiest of England between two points, and witches who glide through night skies not with broomsticks, but with elm branches that they utilize as weapons. The highlight of their work is an armored bear named Iorek Byrnison (voiced by Ian McKellen), who has been created with such painstaking attention to detail that there is never a moment in the movie when we consciously think about the illusion. He is simply a piece of the fabric, a notion that intensifies our appreciation for a cinematic effect that grows more convincing day after day with the evolution of technology.

But how about that story, eh? Oh, what a sad and gloomy day it is to see Pullman’s literary work diluted through the na├»ve perception of filmmakers who strive for nothing more than passable narrative yarn. “The Golden Compass” plays too innocent with its premise, seldom allows its characters to gain dimension, and all but ignores the looming instinct of the plot to abandon its innocence and begin discovering the dark little secrets of the writer’s complex world. These are not going to be issues brought to the table for a viewer going in without prior knowledge of the source, naturally, and perhaps this is a movie made intently for them. For the rest of us, it’s almost unforgivable. Such is the thought in our heads by the time the movie makes the effort to move into its last act, altering specific sequences of events for no other purpose than to confuse, and unleashing an ending that feels so incomplete and crushing that it leaves most staring on in disbelief. No one is ever bothered by a happy ending, but in the case of a film that is desperately in search of at least one clue to the menace and despair that saturates the trilogy from here on out, it is misleading, pompous and generally self-defeating. Oh, to see the look on the faces of casual moviegoers had the picture been brave enough to reveal its root intentions right there in the finale!

Written by DAVID KEYES

Adventure/Fantasy (US); 2007; Rated PG-13 for sequences of fantasy violence; Running Time: 113 Minutes

Cast:
Nicole Kidman: Marisa Coulter
Daniel Craig: Lord Asriel
Dakota Blue Richards: Lyra Belacqua
Eva Green: Serafina Pekkala
Sam Elliot: Lee Scoresby
Ben Walker: Roger
Freddie Highmore: Pantalaimon (voice)
Ian McKellen: Iorek Byrnison (voice)
Jim Carter: John Faa
Tom Courtenay: Farder Coram


Produced by Bill Carraro, Toby Emmerich, Deborah Forte, Michael Lynne, Ileen Maisel, Andrew Miano, Mark Ordesky, Robert Shaye, Paul Weitz; Directed and written by Chris Weitz; based on the novel “The Golden Compass” by Phillip Pullman 

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